The GaN power industry is consolidating in preparation for significant growth
80% ANNUAL GROWTH FROM 2016-2020!
Overall, 2020 could see an estimated device market size of almost $600M, leading to approximately 580,000 x 6” wafers to be processed. Ramp-up will be quite impressive starting in 2016, at an estimated 80% CAGR through 2020, based upon a scenario where EV/HEV begins adopting GaN in 2018-2019.
The power supply/PFC segment will dominate the business from 2015-2018, ultimately representing 50% of device sales. At that point, automotive will then catch-up.
In UPS applications, the medium-power segment is likely to be very much in line with the GaN value proposition, and savings at system level will be demonstrated. We think GaN technology could grab up to 15% of market share in this field by 2020.
Room for extra cost in motor drive applications is unlikely. Therefore, the incentives to implement new technologies such as GaN have to be serious and strong. Considering the possible improvement of conversion efficiency, and augmented by a predictable price parity with Si solutions by 2018, we expect GaN to start being implemented at a slow rate in motor control by 2015-2016, and reach around $45M in revenue by 2020.
The PV inverters segment has already adopted SiC technology, and products are now commercially available. It’s possible that GaN could partially displace SiC thanks to better price positioning. However, now that SiC is in place, qualifying GaN may be more challenging.
This report illustrates the full coverage of GaN device market data, split by application and through 2020.
DESPITE LIMITED SALES REVENUE, THE GaN POWER INDUSTRY IS TAKING SHAPE
Recent announcements show that the GaN industry is taking shape as mergers, acquisitions and license agreements are settled. The latest Transphorm-Fujitsu agreement, in addition to Furukawa’s IP portfolio’s exclusive licensing, are positive signs that GaN technology is spreading across the value chain, reinforcing the leaders’ market position but likely leaving the weakest players by the wayside.
Reasonably speaking, Yole Développement forecasts that 2014 will only generate $10M - $12M in device sales (in addition to R&D contracts and so forth). Such a moderate business means only the strongest will survive, and that several early-birds will see their cash-flow swiftly dissipate.
Yole Développement thinks that the GaN business will really ramp up in 2016, exceeding the “psychological threshold” of $50M in revenue. The key question is, how can GaN survive the next 1 ½ - 2 years? At the risk of being overly-pessimistic, we are afraid some companies will not survive, and will either be acquired or go bankrupt.
This report highlights the current power GaN industry playground and its key established players.
GaN WILL BE POWER SUPPLY-CENTRIC BEFORE ADDRESSING AUTOMOTIVE APPLICATIONS
Today, the power GaN business is mainly centered on low-voltage DC-DC converters (typically Point-of-Loads, or POL) using available 200V-rated devices. Unfortunately, this business only generates a few million dollars in revenue. However, thanks to the 600V device’s introduction this year, GaN will grow quite fast in power-supply and PFC applications where technical added-value and economics are obvious.
After simulating several case-studies, we have concluded that even though today’s market price for GaN devices exceeds the price for silicon devices, efficiency improvements and electricity bill savings can overcome this extra cost in less than one year for a 300W, 24/7 operation power supply (data server type). By 2018, the same power supply could be even cheaper than its silicon counterpart thanks to the reduction in passives (capacitor, self-induction) cost, along with switching frequency increase.
Therefore, we see the PFC segment taking off by 2015, and achieving an 80% CAGR over 2016-2020.
Other applications such as PV inverter, and, to a lesser extent, motor control, will see GaN begin capturing market share by 2015-2016.
The next big thing will unquestionably be the EV and HEV segments, where GaN could definitely play a role in power systems such as low-voltage (14V -> 200 - 400V) DC-DC converters, and later for battery chargers (on-board 3.6 & 7.2 kW first, and then off-board 50kW+). However, we don’t see any chance for GaN to enter power-train inverters (60kW+) before 2019-2020, due to the current lack of high-current devices and the projected price.
With detailed device specification requirements, this report accurately describes the main applications addressed by GaN.
DELAYS PERTAINING TO 600V AND E-MODE INTRODUCTION HAVE AFFECTED THE TECHNOLOGY’S CREDIBILITY
600V-rated GaN devices were announced and promoted more than two years ago. However, only a few select customers have had access to 600V for qualification purposes. The majority of the power electronics community has been unable to source such devices. This has probably affected GaN technology’s credibility, and opened the door for its main competing technology, SiC, to continue expanding its industry presence.
Similarly, Noff (e-mode) availability has also been over-promoted, meaning real devices with stable, reliable specs took time to be diffused from off-the-shelf.
All of this said, it now seems that the main players have caught up with their original roadmap, and devices are now available on the marketplace.
This report summarizes the most up-to-date GaN device developments worldwide.
KEY FEATURES OF THE REPORT
Focus on the entire value-chain,from substrate to device
Coverage of all applicationswhere GaN can play a role inconsumer, telecom, automotive and industry segments: DC-DC converter (i.e. POL), PFC, EV/ HEV Inverter, EV/pHEV charger,EV/HEV DC-DC LV/HV, PV inverter, PV micro-inverter,Motor control, UPS, Audio, R&D and others
Insights into manufacturingcost breakdown, comparing SJ MOSFET, SiC MOSFET, IGBT and GaN HEMT
Analysis of recent moves in the GaN industry and a description of the business’s potential evolution
Comparison with previous reports: what we saw and what we missed
OBJECTIVES OF THE REPORT
This report provides:
A complete analysis of the GaN device and substrate industry in the power electronics field, along with key market metrics.
An analysis of company involvement and state-of-the-art technology.
A benchmark of GaN technology vs. its main contenders: Si and SiC.
An extensive review of GaN technology’s manufacturing cost and key economics, offering the most complete view of the Power GaN industry available to-date.
COMPANIES CITED IN THE REPORT (non-exhaustive list)