GaN RF market growth is fed by military and 5G wireless infrastructure applications.
- Updated market segmentation from Yole Développement
- Extensive analysis of 5G wireless infrastructure and competitive analysis of GaN with other existing technologies such as GaAs and LDMOS
- Comprehensive analysis of the military GaN RF market, including an overview of geographical splits and use cases
- Device segmentation, by discrete HEMT, MMIC and Front-end modules and integration roadmap
- Overview of GaN RF device technologies on different substrates, silicon, SiC and diamond, including landscape and market maturity analysis
Key features of the report
- In-depth analysis of GaN’s penetration in different applications, including 4G LTE and 5G Wireless infrastructure, Handset, Military, Satellite communication, RF Energy, Wired Broadband and Civil Radar and Avionics
- Analysis of different players in different markets, along with theirproduct ranges and technologies, for each substrate platform
- Outline market access – market size evolution from 2018-2024, and technology split
- Highlight the main technologies in GaN devices on silicon, SiC and diamond substrates and packaging in the different application markets
Objectives of the report
- Overview of GaN RF markets: wireless infrastructure, handset, military, satellite Communication, RF energy, wired broadband and civil radar and avionics
- Market size evolution from 2018–2024, and technology split.
- Analysis of different players in different markets, along with their product ranges and technologies, for each substrate Si, SiC and Diamond
- Overview of main technologies in GaN device on Si, SiC and Diamond substrates and packaging in the different application markets.
- Explanation of the needs of different RF markets and the corresponding impact on the needs for different technologies, along with geographical specifics.
Table of Content
Glossaries and definitions 2
Objective of the report 6
What we got right/What we got wrong 10
News/What has happened since last year? 11
Executive summary 16
- Scope of the report
- Historical perspective
- What’s new? Products launches, collaborations, fundraising
Market forecasts 37
- RF GaN devices: market size forecast 2018-2024
- RF GaN devices: market breakdown
- RF GaN wafer volume forecast
- Wafer volume forecast: split by technology (GaN-on-Si, GaN-on-SiC)
Market trends 48
- RF GaN market segmentation
- Telecom infrastructure
- Handset applications
- Defense applications
- Civil radar and avionics applications
- Wired broadband applications
- Satellite communications
- RF energy applications
- Technology and economic requirements
- GaN RF markets: conclusions
Market shares and supply chain 146
- Main RF players and their target applications
- Global industrial supply chain: GaN-on-SiC
- Global industrial supply chain: GaN-on-Si capability
- Global industrial supply chain: GaN-on-Diamond
- GaN RF foundry echnology comparison
- GaN RF patent players
- Market share of RF GaN players
Technology trends 166
- RF component overview
- Classification of GaN RF technology: split by technology
- Power density vs. frequency vs. gate length
- GaN front end modules
- Commercially available GaN RF PA devices
- Evolution of GaN RF technologies
- GaN RF packaging
- GaN RF different substrate platforms
- GaN-on-Diamond technology
- GaN-on-XX: competitive analysis
- GaN-on-XX: HEMT technology analysis
General conclusions 187
- GaN-on-SiC vs GaN-on-Si
- Application overviews: take away messages
TWO MAIN MARKETS ARE DRIVING GaN RF: TELECOM AND DEFENSE
Over recent years, GaN has been significantly adopted by the Radio-Frequency (RF) industry owing to its higher power output at high frequencies, and its smaller footprint. The overall GaN RF market is expected to reach $2B by 2024, driven by two main applications: Telecom Infrastructure and Defense.
Worldwide investment in telecom infrastructure has remained stable in the past decade, with a recent increase coming from Chinese government efforts. But in this steady market, the trend toward higher frequencies offers a sweet spot for RF GaN in power amplifiers (PA) in fifth-generation (5G) network at frequencies below 6GHz, in remote radio heads (RRH). This application is expected to drive GaN market growth in the next five years. Even though the next generation active antenna technology could offer an advantage to silicon Laterally Diffused Metal Oxide Semiconductor (LDMOS) technology, due to technical limitations such as thermal management and the localized need for such antennas in mostly high density areas, RRHs will not be replaced and will stay for the long term, using GaN PAs. Future large scale deployments of small cells and backhaul connections are also expected to represent a significant opportunity for RF GaN, starting from 2021.
National security has always been a top priority for countries. Defense applications prioritize deployment of high end and high efficiency systems. In this context, the main current technological trend, followed by USA, China, EU and Japan, has been the replacement of Travelling Wave Tubes (TWT) with smaller solid state systems delivering higher performance and scalability. With the implementation of new GaN based Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar systems, GaN based military radar is expected to dominate the GaN military market, with an estimated Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) beyond 21% from 2018-2024.
In satellite communications requiring high power output at high frequency, GaN is expected to gradually replace GaAs solutions. Regarding the cable television (CATV) and civil radar markets, GaN still faces high cost compared to LDMOS or GaAs, but its added value is obvious. For the RF energy transmission market, which represents a significant consumer market opportunity for GaN, GaN-on-silicon (GaN-on-Si) could offer more cost-efficient solutions.
Last but not least, STMicroelectronics just officially announced that they are targeting handset PAs with GaN-on-Si technology. Can GaN PAs enter the handset? What are the associated advantages and bottlenecks?
This report conveys Yole Développement’s (Yole) understanding of GaN implementation in different market segments. Our report delivers an extensive overview of 5G’s impact on the wireless infrastructure and RF Front-Ends (FEs), and the GaN based military market. It conveys our view on the market’s current dynamics and future evolution.
HOW CAN GAN WIN THE BATTLE, AND WITH WHICH TECHNOLOGY?
Since the apparition of first commercial products 20 years ago, GaN has become a serious rival to LDMOS and GaAs in RF Power applications, with a continuous improvement of performance and reliability at lower cost. The first GaN-on-Silicon Carbide (SiC) and GaN-on-Si devices appeared at almost at the same time, but GaN-on-SiC has become more technologically mature. Currently dominating the GaN RF market, GaN-on-SiC penetrated the fourth generation (4G) Long-Term Evolution (LTE) Wireless infrastructure market and is expected to be deployed in RRH architectures in 5G’s sub-6Hz implementations. Nevertheless, in parallel, there has also been remarkable progress in cost-efficient LDMOS technology, which is likely to challenge GaN solutions in 5G sub-6Ghz active antennae and massive Multiple Input, Multiple Output (MIMO) deployments. In this context, GaN-on-Si stands as a potential challenger with possible expansion to production on 8-inch wafers, and promises costefficient solutions for commercial markets. Even though, as of Q1-2019, GaN-on-Si remains in small volume manufacturing, it is expected to challenge the existing LDMOS solutions in the Base Transceiver Station (BTS) and RF energy market. Another target of GaN-on-Si companies is the high-volume consumer 5G handset PA market, which can open up new market opportunities in coming years if successful. With eventual ramp-up of GaN-on-Si products, a coexistence of both GaN-on-SiC and GaN-on-Si in the market would be possible.
Last but not least, innovative GaN-on-Diamond technology is entering the competition, promising very high power output density with smaller footprint compared to its GaN rivals. This technology targets performance-driven applications, such as in highpower BTS, military and satellite communication.
This report features a discussion of RF GaN device technology on different substrate platforms SiC, Si, Diamond and bulk GaN. It describes the landscape and cost perspective for the next years, as well as an overview on GaN discrete transistors, Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits (MMICs) and Front End Module (FEM) technologies, with a special focus on emerging packaging aspects.
WHAT IS RF GaN’S SUPPLY CHAIN STATUS?
GaN RF commercial products or samples exist currently in three different substrate platforms; SiC, Si and Diamond. The maturity of each technology has a great impact on the maturity of each supply chain. As a mature technology, the GaN-on-SiC supply chain is well-established with numerous actors and different levels of integration. At the RF component level, the top market players are Sumitomo Electric Device Innovations (SEDI), Cree/Wolfspeed and Qorvo. Upon becoming a public company, RFHIC has significantly increased its revenue since 2017. Leading compound semiconductor foundry Win Semiconductors is now actively offering GaN RF products.
The MACOM-ST consortium is leading the GaN-on-Si competition, while RFHIC and Akash Systems are two main players pushing the GaN-on-Diamond technology.
Within the military market, countries and regions are individually strengthening their GaN RF ecosystem. GaN adoption is driven by strong players such as Raytheon, Northrop Grumman, Lockheed Martin in the USA, and is boosted in Europe with UMS, Airbus, Saab, and in China by leading vertically-integrated company, China Electronics Technology Group Corporation (CETC).
However, in the telecom market the situation is different. Strategic partnerships and/or mergers and acquisitions have marked 2018.
- The market leader SEDI and II-VI established a vertically-integrated 6-inch GaN-on-SiC wafer platform to address the increasing demand within 5G.
- Cree acquired Infineon’s RF Power Business including and packaging and test for LDMOS and GaN-on-SiC technologies.
This report furnishes a GaN RF industry playground overview, covering the value chain from epitaxy, device and module design on SiC, Si and Diamond substrates, as well as Yole’s understanding of the market’s current dynamics and future evolution.
Aethercomm, Aixtron, Akash Systems, Alcatel-Lucent, Ampleon, Anadigics, Arralis, AT&T, BAE Sytems, Bell Laboratory, Cisco, CETC, China Mobile, China Telecom, China Unicom, Cree, Custom MMIC, Dynax, DragonWave-X, Dowa, EADS, Enkris Semiconductor, Epigan, Ericsson, Eudyna, Freiburg/Univ. Ulm/Fraunhofer IAF, Filtronic, Freescale, Fujitsu, Global Communication Semiconductors, Hiwafer, Hittite/Keragis, Huawei, II-VI Inc, IMEC, IMECAS Infineon, Integra Technologies, Intel, IQE, KDDI, KT, LG Plus, Lockheed Martin, M/A-COM, Microsemi, Mitsubishi Chemical, Mitsubishi Electric, Motorola, NEC, Newport Wafer Fab, Nitronex, Norstel, Nokia Networks, Northrop Grumman, Norsat, NTT, NTT DOCOMO, NXP, OMMIC, Powdec, Qorvo, Qualcomm, RFHIC, RF Lambda, RFMD, Samsung, San’an Optoelectronics, SICC, SiCrystal, SK Telecom, Softbank, Sprint, STMicroelectronics, Sumitomo Electric, SweGan, Raytheon, TagoreTech,TankeBlue, Telstra, Thales, Thales III-V Lab, T-Mobile, Toshiba, Triquint, UMS, Unity Wireless, Verizon, Vodafone, Wavice, WIN Semiconductors, Wolfspeed, ZTE and more.