VCSEL market growth is triggered now but still under evolution. Changes are happening at design, manufacturing, supply chain and application levels.
- Development status of GaN-based VCSELs
- Development status of long wavelength VCSELs
- Insights on critical steps in VCSEL manufacturing
- Focus on automotive opportunities for VCSELs
- Focus on industrial opportunities for VCSELs
Key features of the report
- VCSEL market volume and revenue 2017 – 2025
- Analysis of visible and NIR VCSEL industry
- VCSEL ecosystem analysis
- Positioning of new entrants
- Critical steps in the manufacturing process
- Analysis of VCSEL technology for mobile and consumer
Objectives of the report
Provide market data on different VCSEL applications
- Volume and revenue by application and by market segment
- Average selling price (ASP) and expected evolution
- Ranking of top-5 VCSEL manufacturers
Deliver an in-depth understanding of the VCSEL business value chain, players and trends:
- Global list of VCSEL manufacturers
- Supply chain information for mobile applications: who supplies to whom
- Supply chain analysis
- Comparison of VCSELs used in mobile applications
Give insights on manufacturing and associated challenges
- What is a VCSEL?
- Analysis of visible and NIR VCSEL industry
- Insights on critical steps in VCSEL manufacturing
TABLE OF CONTENT
Glossary and definition 2
Table of contents 3
Report objectives 7
Scope of the report 8
Report methodology 9
About the authors 12
Companies cited in this report 13
What we got right, what we got wrong 14
Executive summary 15
- Scope of the report
- History of VCSELs
- Mobile – Global trends and related impacts
- Methodology comparison of 3D sensing solutions using NIR illumination
- 3D sensing adoption in automotive – exterior side
- What’s new?
Market forecasts 58
- COVID-19 impact
- Impact of COVID-19 on our forecasts
- Breakdown by applications (main applications)
- Global market volume forecast (Munits) – By market segment
- Global market revenue forecast ($M) – By market segment
- Global market volume forecast (Munits) – By application
- Global market revenue forecast ($M) – By application
- Focus on datacom – Market volume forecast (Munits)
- Focus on datacom – Market revenue forecast ($M)
- Focus on automotive LiDAR – Long term forecast
- 3D sensing in smartphones: Apple vs others
- Market growth drivers
Market trends 84
- Market segmentation
- VCSEL applications
Market shares and supply chain 106
- VCSEL Industry – Overview
- Ecosystem analysis
Technology trends 132
- VCSEL technology in the UV spectrum
- VCSEL technology in the visible spectrum
- VCSEL technology in the IR spectrum
- Mobile and consumer
- Automotive and mobility
- Telecom & infrastructure
- Key take away
- VCSEL market forecast by market segment
Yole Group of companies 247
MOBILE 3D SENSING WILL REPRESENT ~75% OF OVERALL VCSEL REVENUES IN 2020
Until 2017, the VCSEL market was driven by datacom applications that emerged in 1996. In between, several other applications have used VCSELs but they remained niche applications. Since then, the datacom application that was driving the market has been replaced by 3D sensing application, especially since the implementation of the Face ID module in iPhones.
Following the release of the iPhone X, several smartphone manufacturers followed the same path and implemented 3D sensing module in the front side of smartphone for face recognition. Since this, it was expected that other Chinese smartphone manufacturers would also implement such module on the front side. This was the case the following year, but it rapidly declined, and 3D sensing modules moved from the front side to the world facing side, mainly for photography application. This can be explained by several factors: the cost of 3D sensing modules, the intellectual property around structured light solution, and the competition of under display fingerprint solutions that were more accessible to mid-end smartphones.
This transition from the front side to the world facing side has an important consequence on the VCSEL market. It was expected that front 3D modules would use structured light solution with two VCSELs contrary to world facing 3D modules using Time-of-Flight (ToF) solution with only one VCSEL. In this context, mobile and consumer applications are expected to generate revenue of
$843.6M in 2020 and this should reach $2.1B in 2025 at a CAGR of 20.1%.
Globally, the VCSEL market is expected to generate revenue of $1.1B in 2020 and should reach $2.7B in 2025 at a CAGR of 18.3%. In this VCSEL market, telecom and infrastructure application, mainly datacom, are expected to generate revenue of $277M in 2020 and should reach $516M in 2025 at a CAGR of 13.2%. Other applications are not significant yet but could emerge at mid to long
term such as automotive applications like LiDAR or driver monitoring systems.
This report presents a comprehensive overview of the main VCSEL applications, including an indepth analysis of 3D sensing in the consumer and automotive landscapes as well as datacom and industrial applications.
TECHNOLOGY IS NOT YET MATURE AND COULD FURTHER MUTATE IN THE FUTURE
On the technology side, VCSELs are still evolving. This is clearly the case for VCSELs on the rear side of smartphones. At first, it was expected that these VCSELs would be larger than on the front side to achieve a longer detection range. But this is not really the case and Apple, once again, showed that VCSELs can still be improved.
On the word facing side of the last iPad, Apple implemented a LiDAR module. In this module, the VCSEL used inside is quite different from other VCSELs found in indirect ToF modules. This module, with a VCSEL and a SPAD array, is using direct time of flight principle. The VCSEL is slightly different with more wire bonds and more metallization. Contrary to other VCSEL arrays
used in smartphones where all the cavities are driven all in the same time, this VCSEL array has multiple connections so that each line can be driven separately. The particular metallization visible on this VCSEL array is used also to dissipate the heat produced by the VCSEL array. And there is not only a specific metallization but also a ceramic substrate for a better heat spreading.
Technology evolution is not limited to the world facing side and on the front side, several companies are working on integrating the 3D module under the OLED display. This integration is directly linked with the trend to maximize the display size in smartphone. So, the notch has already been reduced and is now about to disappear under the display. This integration could impact the VCSEL as the OLED material is expected to absorb some of the light emitted by the VCSEL. Depending on the absorption, the wavelength of the VCSEL could move from 940nm to more than 1,080nm.
If the wavelength must be changed beyond 1,080nm, there could be a change in the material used to manufacture VCSELs. Indeed, Indium Phosphide (InP) could be used instead of Gallium Arsenide (GaAs). This change will take some time but could considerably change the VCSEL industry with the emergence of new players, low manufacturing yields, and higher cost of VCSELs.
This report gives insights on manufacturing yields of VCSELs with details on each manufacturing step. It presents the challenges linked to VCSELs with a long wavelength.
LUMENTUM IS DOMINATING THE MARKET BUT NEW PLAYERS ARE EMERGING
Since 2017 and the integration of 3D sensing modules in smartphones, Apple is consuming the majority of VCSELs produced by Lumentum. In 2017, 41 million units were implemented in iPhones and in 2020, more than 325 million of VCSEL are expected to be used in iPhones. This number represents more than 2/3 of the total VCSEL consumption for mobile 3D sensing.
Lumentum, as the main supplier of Apple’s VCSELs, is clearly leading the mobile and consumer market with 58% of the market in 2020. Behind Lumentum, II-VI and ams are completing the podium with market shares of 17% and 10% respectively.
The supply chain is also evolving following political decision and the trade war between US and China. In May 2019, the US ban Huawei. Lumentum stops supplying Huawei and Huawei must find a new provider of VCSELs. This ban severely damaged Huawei’s supply chain. Huawei had no choice but to build its own supply chain. This is the rise of Vertilite. Other Chinese VCSEL suppliers are expected to emerge as other smartphone manufacturers like Oppo, Xiaomi, or Vivo could follow this trend and develop a local ecosystem to secure their supply chain.
The report estimates the global market share of VCSEL manufacturers with a focus on mobile and consumer. The report gives insights on the emergence of new players that could compete with traditional ones.
Accelink, Aixtron, Alight, ams, Anadigics, Apple, Avago, AWSC, Beam Express, Bosch, Broadcom, Canon, Changelight, Device Innovation, Egismos Technology Corporation, Emcore, Epistar, EpiWorks, Finetech, Finisar, FLIR, Foxconn, Fuji Xerox, Fujitsu, Global Communication Semiconductor, Google, Hamamatsu, Heptagon, Himax, HLJ, Honeywell, Honor, Huawei, Ibeo, II-VI, Infineon, Intel, IntelliEPI, IQE, JDSU, Landmark Opto, Lasermate, Lasertel, Laytec, LeddarTech, Lenovo, LG, Lumentum, LuxNet, Mantis Vision, Masimo, Namuga, Oclaro, OmniVision, Oppo, Optowell, Orbbec, Osram, Oxford Instruments, Picolight, POET Technologies, Primesense, QSI, RayCan, Realsense, Riber, Ricoh, Samsung, Sanan, Santec Corporation, SCAT, Seiko Epson, Seminex, SensL, Shiraz University, Sick, SinoSemic, SoftKinetic, Sony Corporation, Stanley, STMicroelectronics, Sumitomo Chemicals, Sunny Optical Technology, Thorlabs, TriLumina, TrueLight Corporation, Trumpf, Tyson Technology, Ulm Photonics, Ultra Communication, US Lasers Inc., Ushio, Veeco, Vertically Integrated Systems, Vertilas, Vertilite, Vixar, VPEC, Win Semiconductor, Xiaomi, and more.
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