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Flexible Applications Based on Printed Electronics Technologies
May.2013

yole printed electronics applications landscape april 2013
5 990 €

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Description


Yole PrintedElectronics 2013Combined flexible & printed electronic applications could reach US$1B in 2020. Multiple applications are driving growth!

TECHNICAL CHALLENGES ARE CLOSE TO BEING OVERCOME TO REACH US$1B MARKET BY 2020

Today flexible & printed electronics create a lot of hope. And a supply chain is being created to support an industrial infrastructure. In our report, we have identified and tracked the five main functionalities of flexible & printed electronics: displaying, sensing, lighting, energy generating and substrates. The different degrees of freedom in flexibility that can be obtained can be divided into:
  • Conformable substrate: the flexible substrate will be shaped in a definitive way after processing
  • “Bendable” substrate: they can be rolled and bent many times (even if we consider it will not be a key feature coming from customer needs)
  • “Unused” flexibility: in the end, the flexibility is not an added value to the customer
We believe some applications will be more likely than other to be successful – for example, bendable applications will undergo tough stress during use and technological challenges will be hard to overcome. Our report shows the distinction between the functions (displaying, lighting, energy conversion, sensing & substrates) and the seek flexibility “degree of freedom”. We do not make the distinction in our report between organic and inorganic substrates as semiconductors can also be used as flexible substrates.

However, we believe over the next several years, the number of applications using printing processes for flexible electronics will grow (Figure on page 2).

We estimate the printed & flexible electronics market will grow from ~ $176M in 2013 to ~$950M in 2020 with a 27% CAGR in market value. Printed OLED displays for large size (TVs) are likely to become the largest market. For OLED lighting, we believe it will grow but remain a niche market for automotive and/ or office lighting. For PV, the market demand by 2020 will remain very low compared to the demand for rigid PV, largely below 1% of the global market demand by 2020.

Sensor, smart system & polytronic applications will include sensors, touchless / touch screens, RF ID applications.

Yole Printed Electronics Total printed April 2013
A WIDE, EXCITING RANGE OF NEW APPLICATIONS


Printed & flexible electronics is a new exiting technology with large potential market expectations. Indeed, as semiconductors move to the very small with 22nm critical dimension, printed electronics moves to the other end of the spectrum with its own material, equipment, process challenges and supply chain. Printed electronics will not kill semiconductor electronics as it will not be a replacement for CMOS silicon. However, it will create new industry segments and new classes of applications with unique features, benefits and costs that cannot be addressed with conventional semiconductor electronics.

For example, we believe printing technologies will also allow additional properties such as flexibility. Originally, the general vision for printed electronics was the possibility to print low cost electronic components on any substrate. It was supposed to allow low cost, low efficiency, large volume electronics manufacturing, and it was supposed to create a large multiplicity of applications. Flexible electronics appeared quite soon after envisaging printability. Such devices were supposed to allow new applications directly linked to flexibility.

Moreover, the coming of polytronic technologies is a disruptive approach that could change the way printed & flexible electronic devices will be manufactured. It can be considered a new alternative to the “More Moore” approach where Si ICs, thin films, micro batteries, displays etc … will be embedded in a flexible substrate. The global interest in polytronics is born from the difficulties faced by the flexible & printed electronics industry. It is an alternate way to come to similar results while trying to avoid some of the main challenges.

Yole Printed Electronics Applications landscape April 2013
MANUFACTURING: KEY PROCESSING CHOICES ARE STILL TO BE MADE


We have identified strong technical challenges for the printed & flexible electronics industry to overcome if it is to be successful. Today it is still more technopush rather than market-pull. Printed and flexible electronics are still looking for high throughput, high resolution deposition techniques in order to become suitable for other markets than just a few niche highend applications. For example, a big bottleneck is an efficient barrier technology. Indeed, to be successful, the main technical challenge in the short term lies in finding a good barrier technology: encapsulation materials are not so good on flexible substrates.

Solution printing process flow is composed of three main steps: ink/coating creation, deposition and curing. Ink chemistry is application dependent, and various precursors can be used for the same application. The nature of the ink / coating will define what kind of process can or cannot be used. For example, only inks containing very thin particles can be used for inkjet printing (typically < 100nm particle for 1μm diameter nozzles). In the same way, deposition methods induce specific requirements in terms of viscosity. Deposition techniques vary, but most of them are not yet adapted to large volume, low cost printed electronics. Thermal processing is required in order to crystallize the ink. Curing temperature and time are critical factors for printed electronics manufacturing as organic materials are very sensitive to high temperatures.

For printed and flexible electronics, every application has its own challenges. For example, flexibility challenges for small screen OLEDs are:
  • Expensive encapsulation with slow manufacturing processes today
  • Low number of material suppliers
  • no high throughput equipment
  • Still high cost etc …
To achieve printability, there are additional challenges: the need for efficient materials (long lifetime, good printability, good conductivity etc…), need for efficient processes and cost effective manufacturing equipment, for example.

Yole Printed Electronics Timeline April 2013

Table of contents

Content of the report 2
Scope of the report & definitions 3
> Key objectives 
> Coverage 
> Definitions 
> What’s new in this report update? 
> Who should be interested in this report? 
> Companies cited 
> About the authors

Executive summary 11
> Application landscape 
> Players landscape
> Market 

Introduction 39
2012-2020 market forecast 52
Applications overview 67
> Displays
- Time to market
- Applications & markets segments
- Small OLEDs
- Large OLEDs
- E-papers
- Market forecast
- Conclusions

> Lighting
- Time to market
- Applications & markets segments
- Cost
- Potential advantages
- Comparison with other light sources
- Roadmap
- OLED vs LED
- Market forecast
- Conclusions

> Photovoltaic
- Time to market
- Introduction
- Overview of technologies
- Why flexible?
- Why printed?
- Technologies & players
- Market metrics
- Market forecast
- Conclusions

> Sensors & substrates
- Time to market
- Introduction
- Polytronics
- Surfing on the hype
- Examples
- Market forecast
- Conclusions

> Players landscape 

> Processing technologies
- Main technical challenges
- Printed organic vs. semiconductors
- Printing technologies
- Small OLEDs processes
- Large OLEDs processes
- OLEDs lighting processes
- PV processes

Conclusions 206
Appendices 209
> Yole Développement presentation

Companies Cited

3M
Add-Vision
AGC
AGFA
Air Products
Aixtron
Altadevices
Applied Materials
Arjowiggins
Arkema
Armor
Astron Flamm
Asys Solar
BASF
Beneq
Bosch
Boschmann
Cabot
Cambrios
Canatu
Canon
Catrene
CEALITEn
Central Standard Timing
Ceradrop
Ceres
Chimet
CIT
CnM
Creative Materials
DEK
Disa Solar
DnP
DOW
Dupont
Dupont Teijin
Dyesol
Dynamic Organic Light
Eight19
E-ink
Elecon
EMPA
EnFuCell
enthone
Epson
EVG
evonik
Flisom
Fraunhofer
FujiFilm
G24i
GE
GEM
Global Solar
Global Solar Energy Deutschland (GSED)
Haiku Tech
HCStarck
Heliatek
Helio Volt
Heraeus
HMI
Honeywell
IMEC
Inca Digital Printers
Infineon
Infinite Powersolutions
Inkoa
InkTec
ISET
ISORG
JRT
Konarka
Konica Minolta
Kovio
KUL
KWJ Engineering
LG
Liquavista
LPKF
manroland
Markandy
MEMC
Merck
MiaSolé
Micro-tec
Mitsubishi Chemical
Monocrystal
moserbaer
nanoe Print
nanoink
nanomas
nanosolar
next Input
novacentrix
nTC
ntera
nuon Helianthos
nuvosun
nVC
nXP
Odersun
Optomec
Optony
Ormecon
Ormet
Osram
Panasonic
PEMCO
Pioneer
PixDro
Philips
Plastic Logic
Plextronics
Polymer Vision
Prelonic Technologies
Prime View International
Rena
Rolith
SAES
Sakurai
Samsung
Schreiner
ShowaDenko
Skiff
Solarion
Solaronix
Sony
South West Nanotechnologies
Sumitomo Chemical
Tianma
TnO
Toppan
TUDelft
Unidym
UniSolar
Veeco
Verhaert
Vitex
Von Ardenne
Vorbeck Materials
VTT
Wageningen University
Yotaphone

 

KEY FEATURES OF THE REPORT

  • Flexible and printed electronics market forecast 2013 - 2020
  • Application roadmaps & timelines
  • Detailed manufacturing process flows
  • Technical challenges
  • Analyzed applications: displays,lighting, photovoltaics, sensing, substrates
  • Polytronics & smart systems
  • FLEXIBLE