Secure payment on i-micronews Contact Yole Développement for I Micronews reports

RSS I-micronewsYole Dévelopement on TwitterYole Développement on Google +LinkedIn Yole pageSlideshare Yole Développement I-Micronews

Thin Film Photovoltaics CIS/CIGS Technology and Market
Jun.2012

cis market estimations
5 990 €

Choose a minimum of three reports from Yole Group and receive a discount of at least 39% on your package – Contact us!

Description

Yole ThinFilmCISCIGS 2012PV industry status & trends - Position of thin film CIS/CIGS technology within the tough PV market

STILL UNLOCKED POTENTIAL FOR CIS TECHNOLOGY

Photovoltaic (PV) modules became a commodity market and numerous PV products based on various PV technologies are commercially available. Although crystalline silicon PV maintains its leading position, CIS (sometimes designed also as CIGS) thin film PV, based on copper-indium-gallium-selenium(sulfur), reveals increased interest due to its unlocked potential for high efficiency and low manufacturing costs.

However, much effort is necessary to overcome some barriers related to the complexity of this technology and its manufacturing. The report provides a detailed analysis of different CIS technology approaches and of the CIS position amongst all PV technologies.

 Cis market estimations
CIS VARIETY PROVIDES OPPORTUNITY FOR EQUIPMENT AND MATERIAL SUPPLIERS

In contrary to crystalline silicon PV, which largely profited from the equipment and know-how developed in silicon microelectronic industry, CIS technology approaches are still very dispersed and based on different materials, cell architectures, module design and manufacturing equipment.This represents many challenges, but also market opportunity for numerous material and equipment suppliers. Almost every CIS module manufacturer is using different manufacturing approach, often based on a proprietary equipment or process. It is therefore important to understand the advantages and challenges of these approaches in order to determine the possible market value for various materials (metal foil, precursors, encapsulation, moisture barrier film…) and equipment (sputter tool, annealing furnace, wet bench…).

Therefore, numerous technologies are analyzed in our report regarding the technology and its manufacturing issues and also in close connection to the possible applications of resulting products. This helps to understand the real market potential of the final product. In fact, different technologies are more or less adapted for manufacturing of divers products (monolithic rigid modules, rigid modules assembled from cells, flexible modules…), which are suited for various PV applications (rooftop installations, Building-Integrated PV, facades, commercial roofs, large ground-mounted PV power plants…).

Special focus is made on the flexible CIS cells: their low-cost manufacturing potential and application demand.

Large variety of substrates

CIS ABSORBER LAYER IS THE KEY ELEMENT IN THE CIS MANUFACTURING

The key process step in the CIS cell/module manufacturing is the deposition of CIS absorber layer. The CIS absorber deposition tool and process is also the main differentiation factor between CIS manufacturers. Although some novel approaches based on non-vacuum process, promising lower manufacturing costs, have been introduced in industrial production (nanoparticle ink-printing, electrodeposition), well established processes still rely on vacuum deposition (coevaporation, sputtering).

One of the main barriers in CIS technology development is the lack of adapted equipment and process. This is related to the relatively short experience of equipment manufacturers with CIS technology. Many proprietary approaches developed by CIS manufacturers are too complex to be cost-competitive and companies using them are struggling with low manufacturing yields, high manufacturing costs and low module efficiencies. This opens opportunity for equipment suppliers with strong CIS background, which can supply both equipment and working process.

The report analyses and compares single equipment and turnkey line approaches.

 Cis manufacturing processes

CIS MANUFACTURING UNDERGOES A STRONG INDUSTRY CONSOLIDATION

There are big differences between the technological advancement of different CIS manufacturers. About 40 CIS companies are producing modules, but only few of them have reached 10+ MWp/y production and most of them are still struggling with low module efficiency and low manufacturing yield. Most small companies, in the past heavily backed in by Venture Capital funds will probably not survive the on-going price pressure in the PV market. Therefore, the main technology players from Europe and USA are partnering with Asian investors in order to finance the manufacturing capacity increase and further product development. The companies investing in CIS are reviewed in our report and company profiles of CIS manufacturers allow an easy comparison of their technology, products, module efficiency, manufacturing capacity and production volume.

A technology and business development comparison of CIS manufacturers, as well as technology development (Cd-free CIS cells, CZTS cells, etc.) and business strategy are also presented.

Table of contents

Table of abbreviations 3

Why this report? 4

Content of the report  5

Introduction 6

Executive summary 7

PV Industry Status & Trends 23

> Development status for different PV technologies
> Subsidized PV market is submitted to market cycles
> Market & technology consolidation

CIS amongst other PV technologies 37

> Presentation of CIS technology
> Comparison of PV technologies

CIS manufacturing technologies et materials 54

> Introduction
> CIS cell structures
> CIS cell structures – flexible cells
> Overview of manufacturing process steps and deposition techniques
> CIS module manufacturing process flow
> Substrates 
> Back contact
> CIS absorber layer
> Buffer layer
> High resistivity oxide layer
> Front-side transparent electrode

> Scribing
> Edge deletion and film edge removal
> Module assembly
> Flexible module assembly
> Examples of manufacturing process flows
> Turnkey line – Centrotherm
> Turnkey line – Manz
> Single equipment vs. turnkey line
> Roll-to-roll versus on-glass manufacturing
> Conclusion

CIS Market 127

> PV market forecast
> PV technology market shares
> CIS market forecast
> CIS value chain
> CIS manufacturing costs 
> Cost reduction factors 
> Raw material availability
> Flexible CIS modules
> Financing of CIS technology
> CIS technology roadmap 
> CIS Applications 
> CIS company profiles 
> General conclusion

Companies Cited

44 Solar
4Jet
AQT Solar
AIST
AVACO
Avancis
Axuntek Solar Energy
Bosch Solar
CEA
Centrotherm
Ceres Technologies
Daystar Technologies
EMPA
ENSCP
ESI
FLISOM
Glaesum Group
Global Solar Energy
Grenzebach
HelioVolt
Honda Soltec
Hyundai Heavy Industries
HZB
IMN
Innolas
ISET
Johanna Solar Technologies
KAIST
Leybold Optics
Lotus Systems
Manz
Meco
MiaSolé
Nanosolar
Nexcis
Odersun
Q-CELLS
RENA
RITEK
Screen Solar

Singulus
Smit Ovens
Solar Frontier
Solarion
Solibro
SoloPower
Soltecture
Stangl
Stion
Sunshine
Sunvim
TFG Radiant
TSMC Solar
ULVAC
Veeco
Von Ardenne
Würth Solar
Yohkon Energia…

 

KEY FEATURES OF THE REPORT

  • Overview of the currently ongoing PV market & technology consolidation allowing better understanding of customer needs and evaluation of the strategies chosen by equipment suppliers & module manufacturers
  • Detailed overview of the different processes, equipment and materials used in the CIS module manufacturing with focus on manufacturing techniques (coevaporation, sputtering, electrodeposition, nanoparticle ink printing)
  • Deep analysis of different CIS technologies and market approaches
  • Market metrics 2011-2017 for CIS technology (in MWp and M$)
  • Company profiles of 23 CIS manufacturers (technology, business model...)[/features]